**PARALLELS AND MERIDIANS**

The globe, which is a true representation of the earth has two sets of circles.These are called the Parallels. In the subsequent set, the circles run from north pass through the North Pole and the South Pole Half of this circle between the North Pole and the South is called the Meridian to south and The parallels and the meridians can be used to define the location and the direction of any place on the globe or on the map The parallels and the meridians intersect each other at right angles (90) The network of parallels.

The equator is taken as the beginning line and accordingly, set apart as 0 scope.Thus, the latitude of the North Pole is 90 (which is written as 90' and the latitude of the South Pole is also 90 (which is written as 90'S).

The equals are drawn at a timespan degree. In this manner, there are 90 equals in the Northern Side of the equator and 90 equals in the Southern Half of the globe. Hence, including the and meridians on a globe is called the earth's grid or the geographic grid.

**PARALLELS OR LATITUDES**

We can draw a bunch of circles between the North Pole and the South Pole. These circles ought to be corresponding to the equator. These circles are called parallels or lines of latitude,The distance of a place north or south of the equator is measured as an angle. This angle is the latitude of that place.

The equator is taken as the beginning line and consequently, set apart as 0" scope.Thus, the latitude of the North Pole is 90 (which is written as 90'N and the latitude of the South Pole is also 90 (which is written as 90 S)

The equals are drawn at a time frame degree. In this way, there are 90 equals in the Northern Side of the equator and 90 equals in the Southern Half of the globe. Hence, including the equator, there are 151 parallels on the earth.

The latitude of a place is the distance of that place north or south of the equator, measured While as an angle, whose vertex is at the centre of the earth at The latitude of a place is always expressed in degrees There are 360 degrees in a circle, 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in latitude of a place, the letter Nor S is always added to the angular distance, such as IP N or 10 S. This indicates whether the place is in the Northem Hemisphere or in the Southern Hemisphere.

The places near the equator are said to be in the low latitudes, while those near the pole are in the high latitudes.The parallels or the lines of latitude have the accompanying attributes All equals are finished circles with the exception of 90 N and 90 S, which are The equator is the biggest equal. The length of the other parallels decrease as one moves away from the equat towards the pole All parallels are located at an equal distance from each other The distance between any two parallels, at an interval of one degree, on the surface of the earth is about 111 km. The equator is the lone incredible circle while different equals are largely little circles.

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